Jacksonville, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida is a city like no other. Located in the northeastern region of the state, it is both the largest and most populous city in Florida. Spanning over 840 square miles, Jacksonville offers its residents and visitors a diverse landscape that includes everything from pristine beaches to dense forests.

One of the defining features of Jacksonville’s geography is its location along the St. Johns River, which winds through the heart of downtown before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean. In addition to being an important waterway for shipping and commerce, the river also provides ample opportunities for recreation such as boating and fishing. Another notable aspect of Jacksonville’s geography is its proximity to multiple nature preserves and state parks. The Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve covers over 46,000 acres on nearby Fort George Island and includes habitats ranging from salt marshes to coastal dunes.


The demography of Jacksonville, Florida is a fascinating subject that reveals a lot about the city’s history, culture and economy. With over 900,000 residents, Jacksonville and it is the largest city in terms of land area in the contiguous United States, with a total area of 874.3 square miles (2,264 km2), of which 86.66% (757.7 sq mi or 1,962 km2) is made up of land and 13.34% (116.7 sq mi or 302 km2) is made up of water. The town of Baldwin is totally encircled by Jacksonville. Clay and St. Johns counties are to the south, Baker County is to the west, and Nassau County is to the north. The Jacksonville Beaches are located on Jacksonville’s Atlantic Ocean shore. Along both banks of the St. Johns River, the city grew. The Trout River, a significant St. Johns River tributary, originates entirely within Jacksonville.

Jacksonville is located north of the line that separates the Florida Peninsula from Continental North America, which is located just south of Saint Augustine and north of Jacksonville. The geography starts to resemble the Piedmont region, although being in the North American Coastal plain. The region begins descending several miles inland, much like the Central Florida Ridge and the Piedmont. A number of low ridges characterize Jacksonville’s western side. Jacksonville’s highest point is located on Trail Ridge, which runs parallel to Baker County’s border and climbs to 190 feet above sea level. In the 1990s, this high point was turned into a landfill and lowered. The ridge had previously risen more than 200 feet. Jacksonville’s west side has strip mining.



Area: 758 square miles (2000)

Elevation: Ranges from sea level to 71 feet

Average Temperatures: January, 53.5° F; July 81° F; annual average, 68.0° F

Average Annual Precipitation: 51.3 inches

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