Jacksonville, Florida


Jacksonville did not exist in the United States even though it was formed in 1832. The first census wasn’t taken until 1850, and just 1,045 people were counted.

Jacksonville is currently the 12th most populous city in the United States and the most populous city in Florida. The city had 366,273 houses and 821,784 residents as of 2010. According to the United States Census of 2000, Jacksonville has the tenth-largest Arab community in the nation, with a total population of 5,751. According to the 2010 Census, Jacksonville’s metropolitan area had 25,033 Filipino Americans, making it the state’s largest Filipino American community. Many members of the Filipino community in Jacksonville have ties to or have served in the US Navy.

Demographic profile 2020 2010 2000 1990 1970
White (Non-Hispanic) 51.2% 55.1% 62.2% 70.3% 75.8%
Black or African American 31% 30.1% 29.0% 25.2% 22.3%
Hispanic or Latino 10% 7.7% 4.2% 2.6% 1.3%
Asian 5.0% 4.2% 2.8% 1.9% 0.4%
Mixed 4.6% 2.2%

Map of racial distribution in Jacksonville, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:

 White  Black  Asian  Hispanic  Other

Jacksonville’s financial sector plays a significant role in driving growth. The population as of 2010 for Hispanic or Latino individuals made up of 7.7%. 2.6% of them claimed to be Puerto Rican, 1.7% to be Mexican, and 0.9% to be Cuban. African Americans made up 30.7% of Jacksonville’s population as of 2010, along with people of other African descent. 1.8% of the 30.7% identified as Sub-Saharan Africans, 1.4% as West Indian or Afro-Caribbean Americans (0.5% Haitian, 0.4% Jamaican, 0.1% Other or Unspecified West Indian, 0.1% Bahamian, 0.1% Barbadian), and 0.6% as Black Hispanics.

55.1% of Jacksonville’s population was of (non-Hispanic white) European descent as of 2010. 10.4% of them claimed to be ethnically German, 10.2% to be Irish, 8.8% to be English, 3.9% to be Italian, 2.2% to be French, 2.0% to be Scotch-Irish, 2.0% to be Scottish, 1.7% to be Polish, and 1.1% to be Dutch.

There were 366,273 dwellings as of 2010, with 11.8% of them being empty. Children under the age of 18 made up 23.9% of homes, married couples made up 43.8%, women headed 15.2% of households without husbands, and non-families made up 36.4%. One person lived alone who was 65 years of age or older in 7.9% of all homes, which comprised 29.7% of all households. There were 2.55 people per household and 3.21 people per family on average. The city’s population was dispersed, with 23.9% of residents under the age of 18, 10.5% between the ages of 18 and 24, 28.5% between the ages of 25 and 44, 26.2% between the ages of 45 and 64, and 10.9% over the age of 65.

In 2010, the county’s median household income was $48,829, while the median family income was $59,272. The median salary for men was $42,485 compared to $34,209 for women. The county’s per capita income was $25,227. 20.4% of people under the age of 18 and 9.9% of people over the age of 65 lived in poverty, along with 10.5% of households and 14.3% of the total population.

In Jacksonville, only 87.1% of people aged five and over spoke English at home as of 2010, compared to 5.8% of people who did so. 3.3% of households used other Indo-European languages. At home, 2.9% of people spoke an Asian, Pacific Islander, or oceanic language. 0.9% of the population continued to speak other languages at home. 12.9% of people overall were non-English speakers. 90.60% of the population spoke English as their primary language in 2000, compared to 4.13% who spoke Spanish, 1.00% who spoke Tagalog, 0.47% who spoke French, 0.44% who spoke Arabic, 0.43% who spoke German, 0.43% who talked Vietnamese, 0.21% who spoke Russian, and 0.17% who spoke Italian.

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