Miami, Florida


Miami is the largest city in South Florida, the second-largest in Florida, and the focal point of the Miami metropolitan region, which is home to more than 6 million people. Although the city has less than a fourth of the metro area’s population, it stands out from its neighbors due to the fact that it is nearly twice as big as Hialeah, the next-largest city in the metro. In addition, the city makes up about a sixth of Miami-Dade County, the biggest county in the state.

Historical racial composition 2020 2010 2000 1990 1980
White (non-Hispanic) 14.0% 11.9% 11.8% 12.2% 19.4%
Hispanic or Latino 70.2% 70.0% 65.8% 62.5% 55.9%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 11.9% 16.3% 19.9% 24.6% 23.7%
Asian and Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic) 1.3% 0.9% 0.6% 0.5% 1.0%
Native American (non-Hispanic) 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Other Race (non-Hispanic) 0.6% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Two or more races (non-Hispanic) 2.0% 0.7% 1.7% N/A N/A
Population 442,241 399,457 362,470 358,548 346,865

Map of racial/ethnic distribution in Miami, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: 

 Non-Hispanic White    Black    Asian    Hispanic    Other

The population of the city increased quickly over the first half of the 20th century, from 1,681 at the time of the 1900 census to 249,276 at the time of the 1950 census. This significant growth is reflective of both Miami’s Culture and its development as a major city in South Florida during this period.

This made it the largest city in Florida, a position it would hold up until the Jacksonville Consolidation, when Jacksonville’s population nearly tripled after absorbing much of Duval County. Since that time, Miami has remained the second-largest city in Florida.
The city’s population saw some stagnation in the latter part of the 20th century; growth slowed in the 1950s and 1960s before almost coming to an end in the following three decades as a result of suburbanization.

Miami’s population started to increase quickly again in the 2000s and 2010s, encouraged by high-rise building in Downtown Miami, Edgewater, and Brickell. According to an estimate by the American Community Survey, the downtown population (from Brickell north to Midtown Miami) increased by nearly 40% between 2010 and 2018. From 2000 to 2010, the city’s population increased by 10.2%, reaching 399,457 by 2010. The city’s population passed the 400,000 mark in the early 2010s, and by the time of the 2020 census, it had increased by a further 10.7%, reaching 442,241.

The monolithically Hispanic regions in the western and central parts of Miami witnessed demographic stagnation as the non-Hispanic White population started to recover in the twenty-first century. They started to lose population due to migration into the Downtown area as a result. Due to this, the Non-Hispanic White population increased, rising from a low of 11.8% during the 2000 census to 11.9% at the 2010 census. Following this, the Non-Hispanic White population increased far more quickly than the city as a whole did in the 2010s. By the time of the 2020 census, Non-Hispanic Whites represented 61,829, the largest number since the 1980s, and 14.0% of the city’s total population.


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