Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The geographic center of Philadelphia is roughly located at 40° 0′ 34′′ north latitude and 75° 8′ 0′′ west longitude. Neighborhoods of Northeast Philadelphia, North Philadelphia, and West Philadelphia, including Fairmount Park, are traversed by the 40th parallel north. The city’s total area is 142.71 square miles (369.62 km2), of which 8.53 square miles (22.09 km2), or 6%, are water. Of this total, 134.18 square miles (347.52 km2) are land. The Delaware and Schuylkill rivers, the lakes in Franklin Delano Roosevelt Park, the Cobbs, Wissahickon, and Pennypack creeks are all examples of natural bodies of water. East Park Reservoir in Fairmount Park is the largest manmade lake. The Demography of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania paints a picture of a city that’s not only growing fast, but also changing rapidly.

The highest point is located in Chestnut Hill, approximately 446 feet (136 meters) above sea level on Summit Street, close to the intersection of Germantown Avenue and Bethlehem Pike at: 40.07815 N, 75.20747 W. The lowest position is sea level. Philadelphia is situated on the Atlantic Seaboard Fall Line, which divides the Piedmont from the Atlantic Plain. Construction of the dam at Fairmount Water Works resulted in flooding of the East Falls rapids on the Schuylkill River.

Its own county has its seat in the city. Six neighboring counties encircle the city: Gloucester County, New Jersey to the south, Burlington County, New Jersey to the east, Bucks County, New Jersey to the north and northeast, and Montgomery County, New Jersey, to the northwest.

In the 17th century, Philadelphia was established in accordance with a plan by Thomas Holme, William Penn’s surveyor. Long, straight streets that almost directly run east-west and north-south through Center City’s layout create a grid pattern that runs parallel to the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers. The original city plan was created to facilitate movement and keep homes apart by open space to aid in the containment of fires. Many of the east-west streets were given tree names by Penn in keeping with his vision of a “Greene Country Towne,” which was inspired by the variety of trees that flourished in the area. Penn also designed five public parks in the city, which were given new names in 1824.

Ranger Guard and Investigations | Geography of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

North Philadelphia, Northeast Philadelphia, South Philadelphia, Southwest Philadelphia, West Philadelphia, and Northwest Philadelphia are the six major neighborhoods that surround Center City in Philadelphia. Since these areas were combined in 1854, the geographic limits of the city have essentially remained the same. Nevertheless, each of these sizable regions is home to a variety of neighborhoods, some of whose boundaries are derived from the boroughs, townships, and other localities that made up Pennsylvania County before they were incorporated into the city.

The Philadelphia2035 physical development plan, which is the responsibility of the City Planning Commission, has divided the city into 18 planning districts. A large portion of the city’s 1980 zoning code was revised from 2007 to 2012 as part of a joint effort between former mayors John F. Street and Michael Nutter. The city anticipates an additional 100,000 residents and 40,000 jobs by 2035, therefore the zoning amendments were made to remedy inaccurate zoning maps and facilitate future community growth.

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